How Is Professionals’ Information Seeking Shaped by Workplace Procedures? A Study of Healthcare Clinicians

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

How Is Professionals’ Information Seeking Shaped by Workplace Procedures? A Study of Healthcare Clinicians. / Hertzum, Morten; Simonsen, Jesper.

I: Information Processing & Management, Bind 56, Nr. 3, 2019, s. 624-636.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Hertzum, M & Simonsen, J 2019, 'How Is Professionals’ Information Seeking Shaped by Workplace Procedures? A Study of Healthcare Clinicians', Information Processing & Management, bind 56, nr. 3, s. 624-636. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ipm.2019.01.001

APA

Hertzum, M., & Simonsen, J. (2019). How Is Professionals’ Information Seeking Shaped by Workplace Procedures? A Study of Healthcare Clinicians. Information Processing & Management, 56(3), 624-636. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ipm.2019.01.001

Vancouver

Hertzum M, Simonsen J. How Is Professionals’ Information Seeking Shaped by Workplace Procedures? A Study of Healthcare Clinicians. Information Processing & Management. 2019;56(3):624-636. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ipm.2019.01.001

Author

Hertzum, Morten ; Simonsen, Jesper. / How Is Professionals’ Information Seeking Shaped by Workplace Procedures? A Study of Healthcare Clinicians. I: Information Processing & Management. 2019 ; Bind 56, Nr. 3. s. 624-636.

Bibtex

@article{1443580e5d944309b32d25c2088fb2df,
title = "How Is Professionals’ Information Seeking Shaped by Workplace Procedures? A Study of Healthcare Clinicians",
abstract = "Professional work is often regulated by procedures that shape the information seeking involved in performing a task. Yet, research on professionals’ information seeking tends to bypass procedures and depict information seeking as an informal activity. In this study we analyze two healthcare tasks governed by procedures: triage and timeouts. While information seeking is central to both procedures, we find that the coordinating nurses rarely engage in information seeking when they triage patients. Inversely, the physicians value convening for timeouts to seek information. To explain these findings we distinguish between junior and expert professionals and between uncertain and equivocal tasks. The triage procedure specifies which information to retrieve but expert professionals such as the coordinating nurses tend to perform triage, which is an uncertain task, by holistic pattern recognition rather than information seeking. For timeouts, which target an equivocal task, the procedure facilitates information seeking by creating a space for open-ended collaborative reflection. Both junior and expert physicians temporarily suspend patient treatment in favor of this opportunity to reflect on their actions, though partly for different reasons. We discuss implications for models of professionals’ information seeking.",
keywords = "Faculty of Humanities, information seeking, information behavior, workplace procedures, expert performance, reflection on action, healthcare",
author = "Morten Hertzum and Jesper Simonsen",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.ipm.2019.01.001",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "624--636",
journal = "Information Processing & Management",
issn = "0306-4573",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - How Is Professionals’ Information Seeking Shaped by Workplace Procedures? A Study of Healthcare Clinicians

AU - Hertzum, Morten

AU - Simonsen, Jesper

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Professional work is often regulated by procedures that shape the information seeking involved in performing a task. Yet, research on professionals’ information seeking tends to bypass procedures and depict information seeking as an informal activity. In this study we analyze two healthcare tasks governed by procedures: triage and timeouts. While information seeking is central to both procedures, we find that the coordinating nurses rarely engage in information seeking when they triage patients. Inversely, the physicians value convening for timeouts to seek information. To explain these findings we distinguish between junior and expert professionals and between uncertain and equivocal tasks. The triage procedure specifies which information to retrieve but expert professionals such as the coordinating nurses tend to perform triage, which is an uncertain task, by holistic pattern recognition rather than information seeking. For timeouts, which target an equivocal task, the procedure facilitates information seeking by creating a space for open-ended collaborative reflection. Both junior and expert physicians temporarily suspend patient treatment in favor of this opportunity to reflect on their actions, though partly for different reasons. We discuss implications for models of professionals’ information seeking.

AB - Professional work is often regulated by procedures that shape the information seeking involved in performing a task. Yet, research on professionals’ information seeking tends to bypass procedures and depict information seeking as an informal activity. In this study we analyze two healthcare tasks governed by procedures: triage and timeouts. While information seeking is central to both procedures, we find that the coordinating nurses rarely engage in information seeking when they triage patients. Inversely, the physicians value convening for timeouts to seek information. To explain these findings we distinguish between junior and expert professionals and between uncertain and equivocal tasks. The triage procedure specifies which information to retrieve but expert professionals such as the coordinating nurses tend to perform triage, which is an uncertain task, by holistic pattern recognition rather than information seeking. For timeouts, which target an equivocal task, the procedure facilitates information seeking by creating a space for open-ended collaborative reflection. Both junior and expert physicians temporarily suspend patient treatment in favor of this opportunity to reflect on their actions, though partly for different reasons. We discuss implications for models of professionals’ information seeking.

KW - Faculty of Humanities

KW - information seeking

KW - information behavior

KW - workplace procedures

KW - expert performance

KW - reflection on action

KW - healthcare

U2 - 10.1016/j.ipm.2019.01.001

DO - 10.1016/j.ipm.2019.01.001

M3 - Journal article

VL - 56

SP - 624

EP - 636

JO - Information Processing & Management

JF - Information Processing & Management

SN - 0306-4573

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 211161417