New Denmark, Canada: An exceptional case of language maintenance in a Danish immigrant settlement

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New Denmark, Canada: An exceptional case of language maintenance in a Danish immigrant settlement. / Kühl, Karoline.

I: Journal of Historical Sociolinguistics, 2018.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Kühl, K 2018, 'New Denmark, Canada: An exceptional case of language maintenance in a Danish immigrant settlement', Journal of Historical Sociolinguistics.

APA

Kühl, K. (Accepteret/In press). New Denmark, Canada: An exceptional case of language maintenance in a Danish immigrant settlement. Journal of Historical Sociolinguistics.

Vancouver

Kühl K. New Denmark, Canada: An exceptional case of language maintenance in a Danish immigrant settlement. Journal of Historical Sociolinguistics. 2018.

Author

Kühl, Karoline. / New Denmark, Canada: An exceptional case of language maintenance in a Danish immigrant settlement. I: Journal of Historical Sociolinguistics. 2018.

Bibtex

@article{55ff48d706d84e1aaf9683aea439a43b,
title = "New Denmark, Canada: An exceptional case of language maintenance in a Danish immigrant settlement",
abstract = "The settlement New Denmark in the Canadian province of New Brunswick, founded in 1872 by Danish immigrants, represents an exceptional case of long-time maintenance of immigrant Danish. Based on a mapping of the social networks within a group of 39 New Denmark Canadians of Danish heritage, the community is characterized as a language enclave (Sprachinsel). Diachronic changes in language use is mapped onto changes in community structures by aligning the findings with the framework of verticalization. The paper further pinpoints a number of linguistic features which either by their existence or by their frequency distribution characterize New Denmark Danish as different from North American Danish in general by relying on qualitative and quantitative analyses of the speech produced by 39 speakers (approx. 120,000 tokens). These features include fossilized items from older stages of Danish as well as a number of bilingual verb phrases created by the New Denmark potato growers of Danish heritage. The study of these verb phrases illustrates how a bilingual community exploits pre-existing cross-linguistic similarities of their two languages to the maximum, thus pointing to the interplay of systemic possibilities (the genetic-typological closeness of English and Danish) with sociodemographic factors (a dense network of Danish speakers) and individual speakers’ linguistic choices.",
keywords = "Faculty of Humanities, North American Danish, diamorphs, verticalization, language enclave (Sprachinsel), contact-induced language change, language maintenance, Language shift, cross-linguistic similarity, Heritage Danish, heritage language/immigrantsprog",
author = "Karoline K{\"u}hl",
year = "2018",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Historical Sociolinguistics",
issn = "2199-2894",
publisher = "Mouton de Gruyter",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - New Denmark, Canada: An exceptional case of language maintenance in a Danish immigrant settlement

AU - Kühl, Karoline

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The settlement New Denmark in the Canadian province of New Brunswick, founded in 1872 by Danish immigrants, represents an exceptional case of long-time maintenance of immigrant Danish. Based on a mapping of the social networks within a group of 39 New Denmark Canadians of Danish heritage, the community is characterized as a language enclave (Sprachinsel). Diachronic changes in language use is mapped onto changes in community structures by aligning the findings with the framework of verticalization. The paper further pinpoints a number of linguistic features which either by their existence or by their frequency distribution characterize New Denmark Danish as different from North American Danish in general by relying on qualitative and quantitative analyses of the speech produced by 39 speakers (approx. 120,000 tokens). These features include fossilized items from older stages of Danish as well as a number of bilingual verb phrases created by the New Denmark potato growers of Danish heritage. The study of these verb phrases illustrates how a bilingual community exploits pre-existing cross-linguistic similarities of their two languages to the maximum, thus pointing to the interplay of systemic possibilities (the genetic-typological closeness of English and Danish) with sociodemographic factors (a dense network of Danish speakers) and individual speakers’ linguistic choices.

AB - The settlement New Denmark in the Canadian province of New Brunswick, founded in 1872 by Danish immigrants, represents an exceptional case of long-time maintenance of immigrant Danish. Based on a mapping of the social networks within a group of 39 New Denmark Canadians of Danish heritage, the community is characterized as a language enclave (Sprachinsel). Diachronic changes in language use is mapped onto changes in community structures by aligning the findings with the framework of verticalization. The paper further pinpoints a number of linguistic features which either by their existence or by their frequency distribution characterize New Denmark Danish as different from North American Danish in general by relying on qualitative and quantitative analyses of the speech produced by 39 speakers (approx. 120,000 tokens). These features include fossilized items from older stages of Danish as well as a number of bilingual verb phrases created by the New Denmark potato growers of Danish heritage. The study of these verb phrases illustrates how a bilingual community exploits pre-existing cross-linguistic similarities of their two languages to the maximum, thus pointing to the interplay of systemic possibilities (the genetic-typological closeness of English and Danish) with sociodemographic factors (a dense network of Danish speakers) and individual speakers’ linguistic choices.

KW - Faculty of Humanities

KW - North American Danish

KW - diamorphs

KW - verticalization

KW - language enclave (Sprachinsel)

KW - contact-induced language change

KW - language maintenance

KW - Language shift

KW - cross-linguistic similarity

KW - Heritage Danish

KW - heritage language/immigrantsprog

M3 - Journal article

JO - Journal of Historical Sociolinguistics

JF - Journal of Historical Sociolinguistics

SN - 2199-2894

ER -

ID: 198414612