Project seminar: Aline Leite Grünewald
Kierkegaard and Nietzsche facing the challenge of nihilism: the possibility of building existential meaning from the concepts of Repetition and Eternal Return
The present work purposes to interpret the concepts of Repetition and Eternal Return as possibilities of existential meaning in a nihilistic context. The problem to be faced is the nihilism identified by Nietzsche as a phenomenon that comes after the announcement of the death of God, just as it appears in the passage 125. In this aforism, nihilism appears as a situation of lack of existential values once talking about the death of God is talking about the dissolution of a whole systemic structure of reality, the metaphysical system, that carries with it the ethical-moral values of the Western society. In order to solve this human condition, the present thesis calls the dialogue Kierkegaard and Nietzsche with their respective concepts of Repetition and Eternal Return, symbolic constructions of existence.
Kierkegaard rethinks the Christian religion focused in the idea of paradox, which makes Christianity something historical and, therefore, his task would be in existence and not existing. This conception implies a different experience. Repetition appears as a new experience in reality when the subject becomes a self, that is, when, by faith, by the passion of paradox, he is able to unite eternity and temporality in himself. On the other hand, Nietzsche defends that to live in the perspective of the eternal return, a new way of living and conceiving temporality, is the solution of the problem of nihilism.